When a natural disaster strikes, it would harm human well-being, physically, mentally, or socially. It is known that when a natural disaster occurs, diseases and deaths increase, and also the health care cost increases too. Some statistics estimate that approximately 90,000 people die because of disasters, and about 160 million people are affected by their consequences. It is proved that natural disasters lead to the destruction of the immediate environment and the social life of people who have been affected by it. The health and well-being and even the chance of survival will at stake.
Natural disasters have many negative consequences on human life. Such disasters may displace people who are forced to leave their homes in search of a safer place. The expected outcome of the new shelter will be overcrowding and lack of health care, education, and other basic services. Disasters have serious health consequences. For example, when floods occur, areas of stagnant water will be formed, which is an opportunity for the reproduction of dangerous types of bacteria and mosquitoes that carry malaria, which can kill large numbers of people.
Besides, natural disasters cause the destruction of crops and the loss of agricultural supplies. As a result, the prices of basic food commodities rise, which leads to the inability of people to buy food. In the end, malnutrition and famines begin. Moreover, disasters leave an adverse psychological influence, especially on children who witness the destruction of their families ’property and the deaths of relatives or friends, and these may leave post-traumatic stress disorder that must be addressed.
What is the role of the military during emergency
The military forces have an effective role in dealing with crises and disasters, especially in cases of serious deterioration in the humanitarian situation. It is the military forces that provide a safe environment for rescue and relief missions. The military forces possess many capabilities and skills that enable them to control the situation, and deal with any crisis as quickly as possible, in an organized and disciplined manner. Remote sensing centers and monitoring systems can play an effective role in disaster and crisis management. When the humanitarian and relief agencies find themselves unable to undertake the task of dealing with disasters, the armed forces take the necessary measures of support and assistance.
During crises and disasters, the military forces take the appropriate measures to secure vital locations such as state buildings, stations, bridges, and roads that are considered important and strategic hubs. Restarting public facilities and repairing the damage caused to the roads and bridges by the disaster, in coordination with the relevant authorities, is one of the most important tasks that the military parties provide. It also protects the strategic stockpile of food and fuel. Moreover, under the military’s possession lies various types of vehicles. The military forces to provide support in the rescue work that requires heavy equipment and machinery, engineering teams, and qualified and competent individuals. For example, during the hard situation during the flood, houses are damaged from floodwater so they use a sump pump to remove water out. Contributing to the transportation of intervention teams and their equipment, by land, air, or sea, to the disaster area is essential to the army’s participation.
Through the air, navy, or land forces, the army contributes to the transportation of the injured, the evacuation, and the setting up of camps for the homeless. So. The army also contributes to establishing field hospitals and providing advanced medical services.